15th: Required contributions are due for pension plans (Money Purchase, Target Benefit, and Defined Benefit plans) that end on the calendar year. 2017 profit sharing or matching contributions for calendar fiscal years for plan sponsors who filed a corporate tax extension are also due.
30th: Summary Annual Report (SAR) due to participants or beneficiaries receiving benefits under the plan as of the 12/31/2017 plan year end. The SAR is due on 9/30 (nine months after the plan year end) for calendar year plans that have not extended the due date of Form 5500.
1st: For 401(k) plans that will elect to utilize safe harbor provisions for 2019, the safe harbor notice must be provided to participants between October 1st and December 1st.
15th: Deadline for filing Form 5500 for those calendar year end plans on extension. Deadline for filing Form 8955-SSA for those calendar year end plans on extension.
Being a plan sponsor comes with a good bit of responsibility. Below are a few helpful hints to keep your plan in compliance, avoid unnecessary corrections, and help to better serve your participants.
Don’t Ignore Participant Complaints – Dissatisfied employees can file complaints that trigger a government audit or file lawsuits that are expensive and time-consuming to handle, even if you win. Though it can seem annoying to deal with, even those participants who no longer work for your firm are entitled to information about their accounts. Try to answer their questions promptly and clearly. Explain any reason for benefit denials and the timing of distribution or loan payments.
Always Report All Your Employees To Your TPA – Though many plans can exclude various classes of employees for benefit purposes, there are lots of regulations that surround how far these exclusions can be applied before becoming discriminatory. Be sure that you report all employees during census collection whether they have chosen to join your plan, or not.
Understand The Correct Compensation To Report – Many plan sponsors assume that W-2 compensation is the only definition that can be used in a retirement plan. There are several definitions and exclusions that can be used for compensation so be sure you know what is in your plan document and discuss proper reporting with your TPA.
Review Your Annual Valuation Report – The professionals at your TPA service provider apply a high level of care to your compliance reporting but an extra set of eyes never hurts. Check salary deferrals and compensation used for compliance testing to your payroll records to ensure that all figures tie to payroll. Spot check dates of birth and dates of hire for accuracy, especially for rehired employees.
Plan Document Records – Be sure to keep a complete set of important plan records, including signed Plan Documents or Adoption Agreements, Summary Plan Descriptions, Compliance Reports, and 5500 forms, as well as any notices to participants, such as safe harbor notices.
Good Intentions Do Not Mean Good Compliance – A famous quote from an ERISA decision many years ago summed it up: “A pure heart and an empty head are not enough”. The IRS and the DOL expect complete compliance, not near compliance or well-intentioned attempts at compliance. Government regulations and requirements change, so keeping up without the help of professional service providers is difficult. Working hand in hand with your TPA firm and reporting accurate data will go a long way to ensure compliance.
Audits Happen To Plans Of All Sizes – Any number of events can trigger a plan audit, including participant complaints or even answers on your 5500 form. Some plan audits are also simply selected at random or can morph into a benefit audit from the corporate auditing division. Whatever the reason, receiving an audit notice can be a bit intimidating. Contact your TPA immediately if you receive such a notice from either the DOL or IRS.
Many American workers participate in company retirement plans, methodically contributing to their accounts over time to fund for life after work. Beyond benefiting from employer-funded plans, retirees commonly draw from additional savings tucked away in IRAs or after-tax savings accounts as well. Add Social Security payments to the mix and it should be a recipe for a secure retirement, right? While many retirees thoroughly plan for their retirement, the rising cost of living and unforeseen expenses can mean the retirement income may fall short of anticipated needs. The difference between your retirement income and actual expenses is known as your Retirement Income Gap.
What Can Cause a Shortfall?
Along with unexpected expenses, increased life expectancy and inflation top the list of culprits that can erode the purchasing power of your retirement account. In the US, average life expectancy is just under age 80 and is the age commonly used as a target for planning. But, that average includes the number of people who die young and unfortunately never see their retirement years. For those that have reached age 65, the Social Security Administration estimates that men will live to approximately age 84 and women to about 86, presenting a significant difference in the estimation of years in retirement. Additionally, in the last decade the US inflation rate has been historically low, averaging just 1.7 percent per year. This may lead savers to believe that this trend will continue into retirement. For the 12 months leading up to June 2018, the U.S. Labor Department published a 2.9 percent inflation rate, which is more in line with the U.S. historical average of 3.2 percent. That doesn’t sound so bad until you realize that at this rate prices will double every 20 years.
How can participants avoid a shortfall? Making sound decisions about the areas of retirement planning that employees can control goes a long way. Let’s look at the two biggest sources of retirement income and some guidance on how to maximize their benefits.
Social Security – Timing is Everything
Social Security is the most common source of retirement income for those over age 65, with 88 percent of retirees relying on these monthly payments. Since workers can apply for Social Security as early as age 62, the most popular claiming age, it’s important to understand the effect that claiming early has on the amount of monthly benefit received. Generally speaking, people think of retirement age as 65. But, with Social Security the full retirement age varies depending on when you were born. Full retirement age is important since it is the age at which a person may first become entitled to unreduced retirement benefits.
What Happens if You Claim Early?
Let’s take Joe Worker who was born in 1954. His full retirement age for Social Security benefits is age 66. If Joe started to take his benefit at age 62, his monthly benefit would be reduced by 25% for his lifetime. If Joe waited until he was age 66, he would receive his full benefit, 25% more, over his lifetime.
Additionally, if Joe deferred his benefit start date until age 70, he could earn “delayed credits” of about six to eight percent per year in addition to his cost of living adjustments. At age 70, Joe’s monthly benefit would be 66 percent higher than it would be at 62! Truly, when it comes to Social Security, timing is everything.
Social Security strategies and claiming choices can be extremely complicated, especially when you add in the strategies available to married couples. There are several calculators and available software services to help with this important analysis such as socialsecuritychoices.com and SSA.gov.
In 2018, the maximum Social Security benefit an individual can receive is $2,788 per month, or $33,456 per year. These benefits were never intended to fully replace one’s prior earnings. In fact, according to the Social Security Administration, this benefit only compensates for about 40 percent of an average wage earner’s income after retiring. Unless employees plan to reduce their lifestyle expenses, Social Security retirement benefits probably won’t cover all, or possibly even a majority, of future living costs. Let’s try to close the gap a bit further.
If your employees are relying on their 401(k) plan to close the retirement income gap, then committing to contributing early and consistently is key. While 401(k) plans are one of the best available retirement savings options for many, only 32 percent of American workers are participating in one. That is a surprisingly small number given that 59 percent of workers have access to these types of plans.
Saving early, consistently, and aggressively really helps. But, what’s the reality? A recent study by Vanguard entitled “How America Saves” showed the average 401(k) account balance by age group. Even at age 65 the average account balance was just under $197,000. If we use an average life expectancy in retirement of 20 years, these funds could provide an additional $9,850 per year (without investment growth). Add this to the maximum Social Security benefit of $33,456 and the resulting annual income is $43,306, not a particularly robust retirement income.
The income gap is markedly larger for female employees. A recent Student Loan Hero study found that women had about one-half the amount in retirement savings as their male counterparts. The low savings level is even further compounded by the fact that, on average, women live longer than men. The reasons for this short fall can stem from time away from the workforce for family reasons, but the women surveyed also cited a lack of knowledge about investing as a deterrent to joining their employer retirement plans or investing in an IRA account.
What can employees do to boost their savings?
It’s great if you started young, deferred 20% of your pay, and invested well. However, that may not be the case for many employees. Here are a few useful tips to get that retirement savings number up:
Catch-up Contributions – Catch-up contributions are appropriately named! They were created to help employees who are age 50 or older “catch-up” for retirement. Not only can an individual defer $18,500 into a 401(k) plan in 2018, they can also contribute an additional $6,000 per year as a catch-up contribution.
Domestic equity markets posted solid gains in the second quarter of 2018 as strong corporate earnings and positive domestic economic data outweighed investor concerns over rising interest rates and the possibility of a global trade war. The S&P 500 index bounced back from a weak first quarter returning 3.4% during the second quarter, leaving the index up 2.6% year-to-date.
Small-cap stocks outperformed their large-cap counterparts, with the Russell 2000 index returning 7.8% during the second quarter. A generally lower dependency on global trade, a rising U.S. dollar, and increasing profitability from U.S. tax reform contributed to the small-cap rally. Within the small-cap asset category, value-oriented stocks outperformed growth-oriented stocks, while the opposite was true for large-cap stocks. The energy sector posted the largest gains during the quarter as oil prices increased sharply, followed by the consumer discretionary and technology sectors. On the other hand, trade sanctions and a flattening yield curve weighed heavily on the industrials and financials sectors, respectively, with each sector declining 3.2% during the quarter.
International equity markets generally underperformed during the second quarter of 2018, with losses for U.S. investors amplified by the strengthening U.S. dollar. Emerging markets suffered the most with the MSCI EM index falling 8.0% during the quarter. Outside of the U.S., the United Kingdom had one of the best performing markets, with the MSCI UK index gaining 3.0% due to a boost in UK exports and a further decline in the value of the British pound.
The Federal Open Market Committee (“FOMC”) lifted its federal funds’ target rate by 25 basis points to a range of 1.75% to 2.00% during its June meeting. Current market expectations are for two additional 25 basis point increases during 2018 and three more during 2019. The U.S. yield curve continued to flatten throughout the quarter, with the spread between 2- and 10-year yields
reaching its lowest point in over 10 years. The yield on the 10-year Treasury began the quarter at 2.74% and spiked to a high of 3.11% in May before finishing the quarter at 2.85%.
According to the initial estimate, gross domestic product (GDP) rose 4.1% during the second quarter, which is the highest rate since the third quarter of 2014. Robust consumer and business spending and a large increase in exports before the implementation of retaliatory tariffs helped boost growth. The global synchronized economic expansion continued during the second quarter, albeit at a slower pace, indicating that it may have entered maturity.
The unemployment rate fell to an 18-year low of 3.8% in May but rose to 4.0% in June as new entrants joined the labor force. The labor force participation rate ended the quarter where it started, at 62.9%. Another solid jobs report in June revealed the addition of 213,000 jobs during the month, with a welcome increase in professional and business services, as well as manufacturing jobs.
The year-over-year headline inflation rate increased from 2.4% to 2.9% during the quarter, with increases in gasoline, shelter and food costs identified as the largest contributors in the June report. During the same period, core inflation, which excludes food and energy, increased from 2.1% to 2.3%, with modest growth in a variety of areas contributing to the overall increase.
June 26, 2018:
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